The Author's academic credentials include AB and MA degrees from Stanford University; OD and MS degrees from the Pacific University College of Optometry; and an earned Ed.D. from Memphis State University (now the University of Memphis). An honorary DOS was received from Southern College of Optometry in 1986. After graduation from Pacific, five years of private practice was followed by fifteen years as an instructor and administrator at Southern College of Optometry in Memphis, Tennessee, and another fifteen years at the Northeastern State Universtiy College of Optometry in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Teaching responsibilities emphasized patient examination, data collection and analysis, and primary care. Over the years administrative duties included terms as Clinic Director at both Southern College and Northeastern State University, and four years as Dean of Students at the Memphis institution. During the decade between 1981 and 1991 the Author was a member of the Board of Directors of the National Board of Examiners in Optometry. Since formal retirement in 1996 the Author has continued as Professor Emeritus, attending vision therapy and primary care clinics, and serving as Chief of Electrodiagnostic Services at Northeastern.