Araba Let's Separate

The Story of the Nigerian Civil War

by Ayuba Mshelia



Book Details

Language : English
Publication Date : 1/26/2012

Format : E-Book
Dimensions : N/A
Page Count : 308
ISBN : 9781468529722
Format : Softcover
Dimensions : 6x9
Page Count : 308
ISBN : 9781468524277
Format : Hardcover
Dimensions : 6x9
Page Count : 308
ISBN : 9781468524260

About the Book

“Araba”(separation) was a word first used by rioters at a Bauchi demonstration signaling the Northern peoples’ desire to break from the federal republic of Nigeria. The catalyst for its first use was the cold-blooded murder of some prominent Northern elites, including the Premier of the North, Sir Ahmadu Bello, the Sardauna of Sokoto, by predominantly Igbo officers, on January 15, 1966

Araba became a rallying cry for the North’s disaffection with the state of affairs after Iron’s promulgation of the obnoxious “decree No 34”, making Nigeria a unitary state. In some quarters, it became resonant and synonymous with the rampant killing of Igbos in the North. These killings (similar things were happening to Northerners in the East) necessitated the mass movement of Igbos to the East and Northerners to the Northern territories.

The North’s disaffection with decree No 34 led to the overthrow of Iron’s regime by predominantly Northern officers, led by, amongst others, M. Muhammed. However, military decorum and Northern political leadership demanded Muhammed defer to Gowon, even though Gowon was never part of the coup plan or a strong supporter of it. Indeed, if anything, he tried to quell it.

The abrogation of decree No 34 and the creation of the twelve-state structure by Gowon was the final straw that broke the camel’s back for Ojukwu, who consequently proclaimed his territory’s secession from Nigeria and the creation of an independent republic of Biafra formed out of the Eastern states. The seed for a bloody civil war was thus cast, and for four years the East felt the worst for it. However, the magnanimity of a blanket amnesty given to all the rebel soldiers at the end of hostilities was admirable, and an intelligent piece of statecraft, responsible for the easy and smooth absorption of those in the East into the economic and political life of the country.

About the Author

I was born in Gakida, a town in the North-Eastern part of Nigeria. I attended a Missionary School from Elementary to High School. After High School, I was admitted to ATC/ABU Kano from 1967-1970. After the completion of my course of studies, I was admitted to Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) in Zaria in 1971, and graduated three years later with honors degree in 1974.

I served one year of National Youth Service before joining Ahmadu Bello University Zaria Faculty. In 1977-1978 I attended the University of Chicago where I earned an MA degree.

In 1980 I was admitted to a PhD program at Columbia University in New York City. I completed my degree in 1985. From 1987 to the present I have been with New York City DOE as well as a Professor at BMCC/City University of New York in New York City.