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Over the course of centuries, humankind has made advancements in science, business, medicine, and technology. Many of these advancements would not be possible without the discovery of physical laws in nature

A body of theoretical physics I call “Absolution” may shed light where Dr. Albert Einstein left off Einstein died in 1955 in search of a unified field theory to explain the origin of all forces in nature. For example, my formula: e = gx, where “e” equals electrical force, “g” is gravitational force, and “x” is 1.35 x 10^{20 }C^{2}/kg^{2 }determined that a coulomb of force acting on an opposite field is 1.35 x 10^{20} times stronger than the gravitational pull of a kilogram.

Astrophysical inferences can be made as well. Defining Gauss and Euclidean coordinates in space with a system of calculus may prove or disprove principles of general relativity. Also, a system (i.e., a map) may be drawn to determine the paths of galaxies in space and their positions, thus determining if they are following a Gauss path.

I Classical Physics

Galilei Galileo was a pioneer in the foundation of physics as a science. When many people assumed that heavier objects fell faster than lighter ones, as with a cannonball and a feather, he proved his generation wrong. He dropped two objects, one twice as heavy as the other one, from the Tower of Pisa They both fell at the same rate.

Sir Isaac Newton further advanced the science of physics with three laws of motion, a gravitational formula, and the invention of calculus.

The most essential of the laws of motion is force equals mass times acceleration. Weight, e.g., is mass times gravity. This is his second law.

Newton’s gravity formula: GMm/r^{2 }= ma, is an application of his third law, which says for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

The distinct difference between weight and mass is this: mass is a measure of the material or energy content of a body, measurable in kilograms or joules; whereas, weight, measurable in newtons, is the effect another body has upon its mass. A kilogram weighs 9.8 newtons on Earth, 3.7 newtons on Mars, and 1.6 newtons on the moon. Of these three, the kilogram is lightest on the moon.