In 1946, Viet Minh Front
started the war with the French to regain independence for Vietnam.
Almost all patriots left the main cities to relocate to rural countryside, and
my family was one of them. My dad had joined Viet Minh Front before August
1945. Although during the war, our lives were miserable, we were all proud to
In 1953-1954, Communists started
the Land Reform Movement in North Vietnam.
During the Movement, they killed thousands of landlords. The Land Reform
Movement changed the patriot spirit of thousands of people, who had sacrificed
their lives for the beloved country, and my parents were among them.
After witnessing a public trial
in Thanh Hoa that killed a landlord without good reason--and a hundred similar
cases were reported--my parents decided to escape to a safe area that was
controlled by Nationalists.
On July 20, 1954, a peace accord was signed in Geneva
to bring peace to Vietnam
after eight years of war.
In accordance with the peace
was divided into two parts: North and South, using Ben
at the 17th Parallel as the border. The Communists controlled North
Vietnam, and Nationalists controlled South
In October 1954, Viet Minh troops
marched into Ha Noi, after the French forces withdrew. That was the right time
for my parents to start the first phase of their escape plan; my parents moved
my family from Tan Phuc
Village (very close to Bai Thuong)
in Thanh Hoa
Province to Ha Noi in November
In late spring 1955, my parents
divided our family into three small groups and sneaked one by one out of Ha Noi
to Hai Phong, then flew to Saigon to seek freedom.