'Weltanschauung' is a study of the current worldview's system of utilitarian ethics. This system, as proven by the history of this worldview, is deadly for man to live by. In the course of trying to find a solution to this problem, six major philosophers have developed different systems of ethics intended to replace the one inherent with the current worldview. The philosophers involved with these attempts at resolution are, chronologically: Karl Marx, Max Horkheimer, Theodore Adorno, Jurgen Habermas, Alasdair MacIntyre and Hilary Putnam. The purposes of this study are to determine, first, why the different systems of ethics authored by these philosophers have failed to solve this ethics problem. Second, this study will determine that, in fact, there is no solution regarding a correct system of ethics to replace the one inherent with the current worldview.
In the course of this study, a review of these philosophers' attempts to solve this ethics problem reveals that their choice of argument strategies was to refer to either the nature or the structure of the worldview. The point of these strategies is to expose the ethics problem as it is tied in with either the nature or the structure of the worldview, associating exposition with eradication. The result of this study reveals that these methods of argument fail because both they and any other strategies are powerless to change a worldview. Rather, an argument about the mechanics of world views overall is the correct course because such an argument shows that a worldview cannot be changed. In effect, man will either have to live the current world view out until its end, or, if he will, before the worst could happen, make a change to a world view that is ethically better suited for him to live by.