Book Details

Language : English
Publication Date : 2/26/2016

Format : Softcover
Dimensions : 6x9
Page Count : 196
ISBN : 9781504999618
Format : Hardcover
Dimensions : 6x9
Page Count : 196
ISBN : 9781504999595
Format : E-Book
Dimensions : N/A
Page Count : 196
ISBN : 9781504999601

About the Book

The original empirical research studies contained in this book represent a series of social science inquiries aimed at measuring public opinion of immigrant involvement in crime as well as opinions on certain aspects of immigrant policies in Italy. Each of the three original research empirical studies employed telephonic survey questionnaires using a systematic random sample method to compile data on opinions among respondents. Each study compares responses representing opinions on immigrant and non-immigrant crime with available official crime statistics. The initial original empirical research study in 2004 used content analysis method to compile data on newspaper reporting of area crime in the Vicenza Province in northern Italy. That study examined newspaper reporting of crime and its impact on public opinion of immigrant involvement in crime. Newspaper reporting and subsequent public opinion of immigrant involvement are examined in six major crime categories (Assault, Theft, Robbery, Prostitution, Illegal Drugs, and Fraud). The second original empirical research study in 2006 focused on public opinion of immigrant crime in the six crime categories and expanded the scope from an inquiry of immigrant crime to include policy related issues, while still examining the influence of newspaper exposure. That study compared public opinion of immigrant crime involvement from survey responses in 2004 to those in 2006, and added the selected immigrant policy baseline questions on public opinion regarding (1) immigrant policy controls, (2) immigrant quota’s, (3) legal immigrants’ right to vote, (4) unfavorable perception of immigrant cultural influences on Italian society, and (5) unfavorable perception that immigrant presence perpetuates criminal and terrorist activities. The third original empirical research study in 2013 examined the influence of newspaper exposure and added the geographic location of Reggio Calabria Province in southern Italy. There was a demonstrated and measurable impact in various degrees of significance regarding newspaper exposure and its influence on public opinion of respondents concerning crime worry, immigrant involvement in crime, and immigrant policy related issues. Official crime statistics clearly showed that there were some selected crime categories (prostitution) that immigrants were more responsible for, and their involvement other crime was elevated over and above their percentage of the population (Theft, Robbery, Illegal Drugs, and Assault). All three original empirical research studies confirm a similar pattern of over-representation of immigrants and under-representation of Italian non-immigrants in those crime categories. Immigrant over-representation in crime and exaggerated media accounts of immigrants’ involvement in crime creates a negative image of the immigrant and possible obstructions for the full integration of immigrant groups into the community. This process could potentially delay assimilation creating a vicious cycle keeping immigrants and even their host-nation-born offspring from ever getting beyond immigrant status and becoming fully socially integrated and culturally assimilated citizens. The negative perceptions regarding continued immigrant policy controls, quotas, and that greater immigrant presence in the community increases crime and terrorism are still major issues that may tend also to discourage, delay, disrupt, and/ or deny positive integration, proper socialization and full assimilation of immigrants. Data can be viewed in light of some crime theory ‘key elements’ and ‘explanations’ to account for elevated immigrant involvement in crime as well as the impact of media influence on public opinion regarding immigrant involvement in crime and immigrant policy and relationships to immigrant integration, socialization and assimilation.

About the Author

Dr. VINCENT C. FIGLIOMENI, PhD Social Scientist (Security Professional – U. S. Army Officer & U.S. Federal Civilian - Retired) During his Security Professional career from 1977 to the present, he earned a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology from Siena College, a Master of Arts in Criminal Justice from the University of Iowa, a Master of Arts in Journalism from the University of South Carolina, and a PhD in Criminology from the International PhD program at the TRANSCRIME Center, University of Trento School of Law./Catholic University of Milan. His military career included service in the U.S.A., Korea, and Italy. He served as Military Police (MP) Commissioned Officer in various positions of responsibility including, MP Operations Officer, Company Commander, Criminal Investigations Division Field Office Commander, Commander of a Detention (Correctional) Facility as well as Public Affairs Officer before transitioning to a Military Intelligence Officer in NATO. His subsequent U.S. Federal Civilian service career positions included Political Affairs Adviser to U.S. Army Southern European Task Force, Italy, and Director, Operational Assessments U.S. Naval Forces Europe/Africa USN 6th FLEET. Research studies include original empirical research in mass communications using community attachment theory, multiple original empirical research studies on public perception of immigrant involvement in crime in Italy, and secondary research in organized crime and maritime piracy. Currently, he is Director of “Francesco Figliomeni Social Science Research Center,” a non-profit independent social science research activity in southern Italy. His interest in immigrants and immigration endured and evolved throughout his adult life culminating with his PhD dissertation research on immigrants and crime in Italy initially developed in 2004. Since then, he conducted two additional studies focusing on public opinion of immigrant involvement in crime and immigrant policies in Italy. The overarching purpose of this examination of Italian public opinion of immigrant crime and policy related issues is to assess progress on social tolerance of immigrants, as this has an important impact on integration, socialization, and assimilation of immigrants. This process is fundamental to the successful passage of immigrants from outsider’s to being fully accepted member’s of the community. Dr. Figliomeni has a unique perspective as he has spent twenty-five consecutive years living and working in Italy serving the United States (U.S.) military and civilian services in support of NATO as well as facilitating positive U.S. and Italian relations. Ironically his current resident status as a U.S. citizen living in Italy affords him immigrant status.